Solar panels change gear with a quantum repeater (QB) that increases the energy obtained from photovoltaic modules, by boosting their performance by approximately 10%. This is the innovative technology developed by Ultrasolar Technology, a Californian startup, which, after having completed the first experimental stage last January, has launched the second phase of collaboration with Enel Green Power that provides for a further series of tests at its installations and will lead to large-scale production of the devices, if all the tests are passed. In addition to making available its larger installations to test the innovative technology, the company will support Ultrasolar in the production of the device.
The research work of the startup has made it possible to resolve the traditional problem of the dispersion of energy by solar panels, using high frequency electrical pulses generated by pyroelectric effect.
At the beginning, a strong electric field is created around the panel, favouring the separation of electrons from their natural position. Their speed is then boosted and their band gap is altered: at this point, the panel is able to absorb more light, thus improving performance.
As Ernesto Ciorra, Head of Innovation and Sustainability at Enel, explains, “the development of Ultrasolar's technology is one of the 80 partnerships with startups that our Group has entered into around the world. It has the potential of being a key turning point to increase current energy production in the photovoltaic sector, which is estimated to stand today at about 250 GW throughout the world, concentrating mainly on efficiency.”